Glossary S-Z

People who can fast IP ranges for vulnerable computers.

Similar to a pubstro, but is used to scan for other vulnerable computers.

Scene, The:
The scene aka the warez scene is the worldwide network where people trade pirated goods, like dvd's, movies, games, applications etc.

An individual or a group of people can be banned from the scene, because they did something seriously wrong. For example when someone appears to be a fed.

A pre VHS tape, sent to rental stores, and various other places for promotional use.

Digital tv recording or capture from a source stream at any resolution with bitrate under 10mbps.

SE stands for Special Edition. Like the name says, it's a special dvd edition of a movie. Often special editions contain extra material like trailers, interviews, making-of.

SECAM stands for Sequential Couleur Avec Memoire or Sequential Colour with Memory. SECAM is the broadcast television standard for France and in some countries in Eastern Europe. Because of its similiarity with PAL (same resolution, same framerate), all of the modern video systems use PAL internally (for storing the data in the storage media, etc) and just change the color encoding to SECAM when outputting the signal back to SECAM TV. SECAM is rapidly dissappearing, all new hardware supports PAL or NTSC.

A serial is a key for software. This unique key works as an extra security.

SFV-file (.sfv):
SFV stands for Simple File Validator and is used to check files if they became corrupt after transfer. It does this by doing a CRC (cyclic redundancy check). After the check it displays which files contain CRC-errors and therefore are corrupt. It's also used on FTP servers / sites to check the progress of downloads or uploads. Click here to read more about sfv-files.

Site Ops:
Site Operators are people who are the administrator of a site.

Site Trading:
The act of trading releases between sites.

See topsites

SQL Injection:
A type of exploit whereby hackers are able to execute SQL statements via an Internet browser.

SSL stands for Secure Socket Layer. SSL is a application layer protocol created by Netscape for managing the security of message transmissions in a network. SSL uses the public-and-private key encryption system from RSA, which also includes the use of a digital certificate. Sites use SSL to connect to them, this is more safe since the transmissions are encrypted.

See pubstro.

STV stands for Straight To Video. These movies were never released in theaters, but they were immediately released on video/dvd.

If a release is subbed, it usually means it has hard encoded subtitles burnt throughout the movie.

These DVDs do not include special features. The extra room on the DVD is used to provide the best-possible picture and sound. "Superbit Deluxe" DVDs include special features on a second disc.

SVCD is a mpeg2 based (same as DVD) video format which allows variable bit-rates of up to 2500kbits at a resolution of 480x480 (NTSC) which is then decompressed into a 4:3 aspect ratio when played back

Super Video Home System, same as VHS but it has increased picture quality and resolution capability.

TC (TeleCine):
A telecine machine copies the film digitally from the reels.

TC (TimeCode):
A visible counter on screen throughout the film.

Very fast FTP servers with people who trade the releases by releasegroups to other (top)sites.

See bittorrent.

Trainers are programs made to modify behaviour of a computer game in order to allow cheating. Usually trainers contain such features as god mode, unlimited ammo and others that sometimes aren't pre-programmed into the game by its designers. Applying the trailer is similar to applying a regular patch.

TS (TeleSync):
A telesync (TS) is the same spec as a CAM except it uses an external audio source (most likely an audio jack in the chair for hard of hearing people).

TV episode that is either from network or pre-air from satellite feeds sending the program around to networks a few days earlier.

UE stands for Ultra Edition, it's just another commercial name for a special dvd release similar to SE.

This applies only to Playstation Portable (PSP) games, and it means that some stuff was ripped from the original game because that stuff was not required or was ripped to save space. For example languages or movie files.

The Playstation Portable (PSP) is also capable of playing movies. Though a PSP can't playback DVD's or CD's, only UMD discs. So movies for the PSP get released on UMD discs.

Unrated means a movie is uncensored.

Especially PSP releases, but also other console releases, are sometimes tagged as USA, JAP and EUR. These are alternative regions, and they replace PAL and NTSC. USA are off course the United States of America, JAP is Japan and EUR is Europe.

VCD stands for VideoCD and is a mpeg1 based video format, with a constant bitrate of 1150kbit at a resolution of 352x240 (NTSC).

VHS stands for Video Home System, and is a dominant domestic videotape format.

A movie transferred off a retail VHS, mainly skating/sports videos and XXX releases.

See audio_ts.

VLM stands for Volume License Key. This means that the cracked application is already licensed, and therefore doesn't require an activation after installation.

Vinyl Single, containing 1-2 tracks.

Illegally pirated software.

A watermark is a small tag generally in one of the corners of the picture. A lot of films come from Asian Silvers / PDVD and are tagged by the people responsible. This is usually a letter, initials or a little logo. Most famous are the "Z" "A" and "Globe" watermarks.

A workprint is a copy of a film that has not been finished yet.

WS stands for WideScreen, which is a screen size ratio of 16:9 (width:heigth).

A relatively new codec, but the quality is really good. The codec is still in development, and therefore it's not yet used that much. There are already some scene groups who do x264 releases though.

Hacked computer which serves as a file server for irc so people can download from it.

These are basically VCD/SVCD that don't obey the "rules". They are both capable of much higher resolutions and bit-rates, but it all depends on the player to whether the disc can be played.

XviD is an open source MPEG-4 video codec. Originally based on OpenDivX, XviD was started by a group of volunteer programmers. A very efficient and high-quality video codec and is seen as the standard in the scene.