Dictionary:
Glossary A-D

Abandonware:
Software that is no longer marketed or distributed by the company that created it. It's free from copyright.

AC3:
Audio Codec 3. This was the original and more technical name for Dolby Digital. Replaced by marketing mavens when they realized that Dolby's name was not in the title.

Addline:
A textline containing registration information which is used for adding someone to a site. Most common addline format is: site gadduser <group> <username> <pass> <ident>@<host>.

Affiliate:
A releasegroup can be an affiliate at a site. This means that they will pre their releases at that site.

AIO:
AIO stands for All-In-One, means an all-in-one software pack. For example: Microsoft Office, which contains Word, Frontpage, Publisher, Access etc.

Anamorphic Widescreen:
Anamorphic filming technique was developed to make widescreen movies using the original 4:3 film. If they didn't adjust this, the screen would look misshaped. For example very wide (or fat) people.

ANSI art:
Similar to ASCII art, but constructed from a larger set of 256 letters, numbers, and symbols.

ASCII art:
ASCII art is an artistic medium that are graphics pieced together from the 95 printable characters defined by ASCII.

Asian Silver:
Put out by eastern bootleggers, they are usually bought by groups to release as their own. These are usually VCD copies of movies which usually are pre-release or some movies that have never been released. There are a lot around in the scene at the moment because silvers are very cheap and easily available in a lot of countries. Mainly smaller groups who don't last more than a few releases go about it this way.

Audio_ts:
Audio_ts stands for "Audio Title Set". Most DVDs have both a VIDEO_TS and AUDIO_TS folder. Ussually the content is located in VIDEO_TS. The AUDIO_TS folder is usually empty. DVD-Audio would be stored in an AUDIO_TS folder when it is a separate format to DVD-Video. Practically this never occurs. Though most DVD's still contain an empty AUDIO_TS folder since older/some dvd-player require this to play the DVD.

Bitrate:
Bitrate or Bit Rate is the average number of bits that one second of video or audio data will consume. Higher bitrate means bigger file size and generally better video or audio quality while lower bitrate means lower file size but worse video or audio quality.

BitTorrent:
A special kind of p2p system. It uses a central location which coodinates the downloads but it doesn't host any downloads. The download itself consists of several pieces offered by various users. Such a coordinated group is called a torrent.

Blu-Ray DVD:
Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format meant for high definition video (HD) and high density data storage, and is one of two competing standards for HD optical media. Its competitor is HD-DVD. A Blu-ray Disc can store substantially more data than a DVD, because of the blue laster. A Blu-ray dvd can holod up to 50 GB.

BWCLONE / BWCLONEDVD :
An complete image of an original cd/dvd, same as CLONECD/DVD. Only difference is that this image was created by the burn tool BlindWrite.

BNC:
BNC stands for bouncer. A bouncer is server through which an user can connect to an irc server. This way other users on the irc server can't see his/her real ip.

Bootleg:
Illegally recorded and pressed record.

CAM:
A cam is a theater rip usually done with a digital video camera.

C-Band:
A type of satellite transmission with less path loss than other satellite standards such as Ku-band.

CD:
CD (CompactDisc) is a one-sides disk which can hold up to 650Mb of data.

CDS:
CD Single, containing 1-2 tracks.

CDM:
CD Maxi-single, containing 2-5 tracks.

CDR:
A recordable compact disc.

Chanserv:
This is a service provided by many IRC Networks to allow you register a channel.

CLONECD / CLONEDVD:
An complete image of an original cd/dvd. These images do not contain any crack, it's just a copy of an original cd/dvd. Since it's just a copy of the original, it still contains all copyright information.

SFCLONECD / SFCLONEDVD:
Same as above, but the disc's protection is Star Force. StarForce blocks the use of SCSI optical drives when IDE optical drives are present in the system, since most optical drive emulators currently work by simulating SCSI drives. StarForce, however, will authenticate discs from a SCSI optical disc drive if there are no IDE optical disc drives installed in the system; meaning that if you want to run this disc you'll have to unplug your harddisks in order to run the mounted cd or dvd image.

Crack:
Software cracking is the modification of software to remove encoded copy prevention.

Cracktro:
A small introduction sequence added to cracked software, designed to inform the user which releasegroup or individual cracker was responsible for removing the software's copy prevention and distributing the crack.

CVD:
CVD is a combination of VCD and SVCD formats.

DC:
DC stands for Director's Cut. A director's cut is a specially edited version of a movie that is supposed to represent the director's own approved edit of the movie. It is often released some time after the original release of the film, where the original release was released in a version different from the director's approved edit. 'Cut' is synonymous with 'edit' in this context.

Demultiplexing:
See demuxing below here.

Demuxing:
Demuxing / demultiplexing basically means, when speaking of video formats, splitting the file that contains both audio and video data (and possible other data streams as well, like subtitles), into separate files, each containing one element of the original file. Opposite of demux is muxing, which basically joins the datastreams back together.

Dir Locking:
The act of locking a directory so people who are not allowed to get into a directory, won't be able to get in.

DirecTiVo:
DirecTiVo is an informal term for the implemented combination of DIRECTV satellite television programming service and the TiVo digital video recorder service.

DiVX:
DivX is a digital video compression format based on the MPEG-4 technology. DivX files can be downloaded over high-speed lines in a relatively short time without sacrificing the quality of the digital video. Often used on the Internet to exchange video files.

Dolby Digital:
Digital Surround Sound is a DVD audio encoding format similar that digitally compresses up to 5.1 discrete channels of audio into a single bitstream.

Dox:
Dox are single keygens/cracks/fixes etc.

DL:
DL stands for Dual-Language, meaning the dvd contains more than one audio language.

DSR:
Digital stream rip is a rip that is captured from a digital source stream, such as a HDTV or DVB transmission. Quality is similar to PDTV.

DTS:
Digital Theater Systems Digital Surround is a DVD audio encoding format similar to Dolby Digital. The quality is better than Dolby Digital and it's used in the cinema.

Dubbed:
If a film is dubbed, it is a special version where the actors' voices are in another language.

Dump:
A dump is a ftp server where releases are stored. Dumps are often faster than regular ftp servers and have a larger harddisk.

DVB:
Digital Video Broadcast The standard for direct broadcast television in Europe and the US Based on MPEG2 Compression.

DVD:
Stands for Digital Versatile Disk. (Formerly Digital Video Disk.) An optic disc with the same physical size as a CD but with significantly greater storage capacity, anywhere from 4.5 Gb (single layer, single-sided) to 17 Gb storage capacity (double-layer, double sided). It uses MPEG2 compression to encode 720:480p resolution, full-motion video and Dolby Digital to encode 5.1 channels of discrete audio. The disc can also contain PCM, DTS, and MPEG audio soundtracks.

DVD5:
DVD5 is an one-sided single-layer dvd disc and can contain upto 4.38 gigabytes of data on it.
DVD disc manufacturers love to use marketing terms and sell their discs as 4.7GB discs, but this is not true -- the 4.7GB
is calculated by using so-called "Japanese gigabytes", where the power of calculations is 1,000 instead of 1,024 (and 1.024 is the correct way to calculate everything in computer world -- so, 1024 megabytes = 1 gigabyte).

DVD9:
DVD9 is an single-sided dual-layer dvd disc and can hold approximately 7.95 gigabytes of data. See DVD5 for an explanation about the dvd size.

DVDA:
Audio tracks which come on a DVD as a bonus.

DVDrip:
A copy of the final released DVD. DVDrips are released in SVCD and DivX/XviD.

DVD Screener:
Same premise as a screener, but transferred off a DVD..